- Fundamentals of Vibration Technology
Fundamentals of vibration
Vibration - repetitive motion of a body around an equilibrium position. Vibration is generally represented as a sine wave.
Period (T) - time required for one complete cycle, in seconds.
Frequency (F) - number of cycles completed in one second and it is the reciprocal of the period, in Hertz.
Units of measure
- Displacement (D) - deviation of measured point from rest position, in inches or millimeters. Typically used for applications where frequency is below 500 Hz.
- Velocity (v) - rate of change of displacement (v = D / t), in inches per second or millimeters per second. Typically used for applications in the 2…2000 Hz range. Most motor-driven equipment from 600 to 3000 rpm will fall within this frequency range.
- Acceleration (a) - rate of change of velocity (a = D / t2), in inches per second squared or meters per second squared. 1 g = 386 in / sec2=9.8 m / sec2. Typically used for applications in the 4…20,000 Hz frequency range.
- Amplitude - distance from zero
• Peak - zero to maximum positive or negative value.
• Peak-to-Peak - maximum positive to maximum negative value.
• RMS - 0.707 times peak value.